Defrosting car

How to drive safely in frosty conditions

As the temperature drops and the roads get frostier, there are extra precautions for drivers to take when setting out on the road. This article from PA Motoring gives top tips for driving as safely as possible during the colder months.

The first frost of the winter can be a troublesome time for Brits — there’s the mad rush to buy woolly clothing, Christmas turkeys and comment on the weather to every person in sight.

It often also brings chaos to our road networks, with snow and ice creating slippery conditions. For those with little experience of it, it can be a daunting time. So, here are our tips for driving safely in frosty conditions.

There’s never too much preparation

The most crucial aspect of being safe on the roads, especially in winter conditions, is preparation.

Before setting off for the day, de-icing your car is key. Frozen windows mean poor visibility, so clear as much ice as you can with a de-icing spray or scraper to clear your view.

Take an extra 5 minutes this time of year to clear your windows & windshield of snow & ice before taking off. We see you driving while looking through the one small spot you scraped clear… It’s illegal, unsafe &, frankly, a bit lazy to drive with your car in an unsafe condition

— Oxford Police Dept. (@OxfordOhioPD) November 27, 2018

It’s also worth packing a winter driving kit, too. This doesn’t have to be apocalypse-proof, but it’s a good idea to keep some essentials in your car such as a high-visibility jacket, snow grips for shoes, a torch, emergency snacks and a power bank for your mobile devices just in case you do end up stranded on the roads.

If you’re heading into seriously harsh conditions, it could be worth carrying a shovel to clear snow and a rug to lay under your tyres for extra grip, while tyre chains can be a useful addition for keeping on the move in thick snow.

Pace yourself

Frozen roads are a different ball game to the rest of the year and driving styles must be adapted for the conditions.

Traction is the big difference — slippery conditions mean less grip on the roads, meaning any excess input on the controls could be met with disaster.

Acceleration, braking and steering must be done gently to avoid wheel spin, locking brakes and oversteer. Staying in a high gear can also help maximise traction.

Also remember that speed limits aren’t targets, and you should always drive at a pace safe for the conditions you’re in — even if that means travelling slower than usual.

Visibility is key

Although de-icing your car is key to maximise visibility, it’s just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to ensuring a clear view in frosty conditions.

Checking your bulbs before every journey is a quick but crucial task, and it’s worth carrying spares in case a light goes, as being seen by other motorists is just as crucial as being able to see where you’re going.

Foglights can be used if visibility is severely reduced, but remember to switch them off in traffic or brighter conditions to avoid dazzling other drivers.

Take charge of your battery

Car batteries operate less effectively in cold temperatures — far from ideal in the conditions we demand the most from them.

Keeping your battery charged is key and long drives are the best way to generate power. Short drives can be heavily draining on power, so it’s worth avoiding quick trips if possible. Turning off lights, wipers and heating when not needed is also essential to avoid excessive battery use.

In addition, it’s worth investing in jump leads in case your battery does go flat and refuses to start your car at all.

Avoid driving at all

The best way to stay safe in difficult driving conditions is not to get behind the wheel at all. If weather warnings are severe, it’s best to avoid trips in your car unless absolutely necessary.

If you don’t have much experience or confidence driving in difficult conditions, it may also be wise to ask a more capable family member or friend to drive if you must travel by car.

Should you get behind the wheel, always remember to take extra caution, as well as allowing more time and space for other road users who may not be as prepared for the weather.

This article was written by PA Motoring Team from PA Motoring Service and was legally licensed through the NewsCred publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to

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